Saffron plants are a bulbous, perennial with globular corms, having 15 to 20 cm plant height. Kesar is the name given to the fragrant stigmata found in the Crocus flower. It is a regal spice of matchless aroma and the most costly in the world. It is used mainly for its yellow color. Saffron has a pleasant aroma and an essential oil crocin.
Common name: Kesar, Zaafraan, Saffron
Flower colors: Purple
Bloom time: Autumn
Height: Up to 20 cm
Difficulty: Easy to grow
Planting and care
Corms should be planted at 10 to 12 cm deep; maintaining 10 to 12 cm spacing between two bulbs. This bulb requires loose and porous potting soil. The saffron crop requires a little water. Avoid over watering, it may cause the root rot.
Sunlight: Full sunlight
Soil: Sandy Loam Soil
Temperature: 20 to 30 degree C
Fertilizer: Apply any organic fertilizer.
Caring for Crocus Sativus
- Watering should be done early in the morning if the soil feels dry to touch.
- Avoid over watering and water logging condition.
- Apply organic fertilizer in autumn season and immediately after flowering.
Harvest the full bloomed flower early in the morning. After harvesting the flower, extract the orange-red stigma from the flower.