Amla is a small to the medium-sized deciduous tree, which is known for its edible fruit of the same name. The tree has a crooked trunk and spreading branches. The leaves are simple, nearly stalkless and closely set along slender branchlets. The leaves are often mistaken for leaflets of pinnate leaves. Amla flowers are small, greenish-yellow or pinkish. The flowers have six segments, but no real petals. The fruit is nearly spherical, light greenish yellow, quite smooth and hard on appearance, with 6 vertical stripes or furrows. Ripening in autumn, the berries are harvested by hand after climbing to upper branches bearing the fruits.
Common name: Indian gooseberry, Amlaki, adiphala, dhatri, amalaka, amali, amalakamu, usirikai, Anola, Amlika, nellikai, malacca tree, nillika, nellikya, emblic.
Flower colours: Greenish-yellow or pinkish
Bloom time: Late Winter/Early Spring
Height: 10 to 26 feet
Difficulty: Easy to grow
Planting and care
Amla is a subtropical plant and prefers dry subtropical climate. Even mild frost during the winter months can be injurious to the tree. Though it can bear temperature up to 46 C during summer months, the temperature should not be high at the time of flowering.
Sunlight: Full sunlight
Soil: Well adapted to the variety of soils at pH ranging from alkaline to neutral and acidic. Plant shows the preference for calcareous well drained and light textured soils.
Water: For young plants, water should be provided every 10-15 days.
Temperature: Can tolerate temperature from freezing to 46 degrees C.
Fertilizer: Organic manures are preferred. The crop does not have any specific requirement for N, P and K. However FYM or nitrogenous fertilizers applied in appropriate quantities result in better growth and higher herb yield.
Caring for Amla
- During summer, the plants should be mulched with paddy or wheat straws.
- Drip irrigation yield better results.